Self-Care for Kids by Age: Everything You Need to Know
August 11, 2020
It is a critical time for children and teenagers to learn the importance of taking care of themselves and their communities. Self-care can help kids of all ages become more introspective and aware of their physical and emotional needs. It can also prepare them to effectively handle future stressors. Even small acts of self-care and self-help can decrease stress, improve relationships, and promote wellness of the body and mind. Keep reading to learn more about self-care for kids by age from ChildSavers therapist, Holly Jones, LCSW.
How to explain and role model self-care to kids
Parents, educators, and caregivers can teach their children healthy self-care habits at any age. Adults can do so by helping children schedule self-care breaks/check-ins throughout the day, enacting daily or weekly check-ins throughout the day/week, and role modeling.We can model self-care by acknowledging your own needs as a parent. Kids often learn more from what parents do rather than what they say!
Mindful parent moment: What small step can you take towards caring for yourself today? For example, drinking a glass of water, reminding yourself of something you are grateful for, or pausing to enjoy the sound of birds chirping outside.
Helping children explore self-care
We must remember that parents’ ideas about self-care might look different than their children’s ideas. Notice how your child responds to suggested self-care activities (examples listed below). Trying a variety of wellness exercises will support kids in discovering what fits their needs best.
Sometimes, it can feel easier during a stressful moment to take the reins and complete a task for your child. When this happens, children miss an opportunity to build self-confidence and problem-solving skills. If a child asks you for help, consider if it is a task they could try on their own or with limited support. It might help to share an affirmation that lets them know you will be there to support them. Consider saying something like, “I believe in you. I’ll be here if you get stuck, but you try it first.”
Praise the child for trying something new on their own, even if it didn’t go as you had hoped! Though this might be more time-consuming than completing it for them, the energy you put into this will help that child feel more confident and prepared next time.
First steps: helping kids start self care practices
Remember to start small. When it comes to encouraging kids to explore self-care on their own, consider their age and developmental level. For younger children, see if they can blow their nose, brush their hair, or get their own drink. Make sure they can access the necessary items to complete the task. If they are having a difficult time, try breaking the task into smaller steps. For middle schoolers and teenagers, see if they can wake themselves up in the morning, prepare a meal, or care for a family pet.
Movement and creative activities can provide an emotional outlet and foster connection. Activities like painting, coloring, or molding clay are less likely to feel like a chore. Music and dance can have huge positive impacts on your child’s cognitive development, self-awareness, and physical health. As your child moves their body to the music, their brain releases endorphins to promote well-being and improve mood. Consider playing background music to try to balance your child’s mood; if they are struggling with anxiety or frustration, play softer or more uplifting music.
Don’t be afraid to get silly! Offer to let your child be the expert and have them teach you a new dance move. Sometimes families need to share a laugh together. Play a game, make a pillow fort, watch a funny movie, or try a puzzle together. Try your best to put away distractions and truly be present in the joyful moments. Having fun together helps families feel more connected and also lets you learn more about your children’s likes and dislikes.
Examples of self-care for kids by age
Self-Care for Elementary Schoolers
- It is important for families to carve out space for quiet time. A few minutes of singing to your child, reading a book together, or listening to a kid-friendly YouTube meditation can strengthen your connection. Particularly for younger children, consider incorporating a “slow down” time in your family’s routine; this will also help train their brain to make mindful choices.
- Some children respond well to having their own “calm-down box”. Include items that are soothing to the senses, i.e. fidget toy, stuffed animal, lollipop, stress ball, bubble wrap, plastic snow globe, scratch & sniff stickers. When you observe them on the verge of a meltdown, encourage the child to utilize the items in the box to help regulate their emotions. It can be helpful to think of these items as “special tools” rather than for normal play. Make sure that you are encouraging the child with positive language rather than making it part of a consequence. The goal is for the child to eventually recognize on their own situations where they could use the box to calm down!
- Practice your breathing by blowing on a pinwheel.
- Review a few things you’re grateful for that day together.
- Help your child(ren) label emotions – these cards can help!
- Help them understand their needs as introverts or extroverts.
Helpful self-care video: How to Create A Calm Down Box in 5 Minutes
Calm down boxes can help kids and adults of all ages regulate their bodies and minds. Katy Reynolds, LPC, CTRP-C, shows us what to put in a calm down box for toddlers and adapt the box for children of all ages.
Self-Care for Middle Schoolers & High Schoolers
- ‘Leave it at the door’ self-care exercise: Every time you enter a doorway in your home, take the opportunity to have a positive mental shift. Remind yourself to leave the past behind and stay focused on the present.
- During or after a stressful event, practice a three-step, self-compassion break with your adolescent or model it for them to practice on their own. The first step is to acknowledge this is a difficult moment (i.e. “This is stressful”). The second step is to acknowledge that stress and suffering are parts of life (i.e. “Other people feel this way; I’m not alone”). The last step is to ask yourself, what can I do to be kind to myself? It might help to think about what a loved one might tell you (i.e. “May I accept myself as I am; may I be strong”).
- Engage the senses without a screen (phone or computer). Examples include: Lighting a candle, listening to music, playing with sand/play dough, baking something, meditating, going for a walk/run, stretching or yoga, playing a sport, eating something healthy, creating art just for YOU, etc.
- Making something nice for someone else, like a friend, teacher, or family member. Sometimes doing something for others and taking the focus off of ourselves can help us like who we are as people.
Helpful Self-Care/Breathing Exercise for Middle and High Schoolers
Learning to regulate our breath and calm our bodies can be a game changer! ChildSavers therapist, Brie Jordan-Cooley, LCSW, RPT, walks us though a quick breathing exercise for kids to use throughout during stressful moments.
Additional Tools for Children’s Self-Care
In addition to the activities above, we recommend exploring the following videos and resources from ChildSavers:
- Self-Care Activities Adults Can Try with Kids
- Calming Breathing Exercises for Children and Teens
- Reflective Exercise: Draw Yourself Upside Down
- Mindfulness Exercise: 5 Questions to Ask Yourself Daily
- How to Help Kids Manage Emotions During COVID-19
Every family is different. There is no one right way to practice self-care for kids by age – see what works for you. The earlier children can practice healthy self-care habits, the easier it will be for them to integrate these practices in their future lives and manage whatever stressors come their way.
Holly Jones, LCSW is a clinician on ChildSavers’ School-Based Services team. She started as an intern with ChildSavers in 2016 and has provided mental health services for the past four years in outpatient, school, and community-based settings. Holly is passionate about the importance of the arts and socio-emotional learning in education. She is particularly interested in the benefits of movement, using her background in dance to assist clients in the therapeutic process. In her spare time, she enjoys exercising, cooking, and caring for animals.